Syllabus for B. Ed. (Geography)
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
Entrance / Admission Test
- General Intelligence;
- General English : The Syllabus for B. Ed. General English course shall comprise questions on language, grammar meanings of words, use of idioms and phrases;
- One of the SCHOOL
School Subject – Geography
- Physical Geography : Theories of the origin of the earth – Laplace, Chemberlin & Moultion, Big Bang; the constitution of the earth’s interior; Isostasy; Wagener’s theory and Plate Tectonics; earthquakes and volcanoes; Kober and Holmes theories of mountain building; the work of running water, glacier and wind; karst topography; concept of cycle of erosion – Davis and Penck. Composition and structure of the atmosphere; insolation and heat budget; horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature, pr … “sure and wind; forms of precipitation and types of rainfall : classification and properties of air masses and fronts; tropical and temperate cyclonies; Koppen’s climatic classification; relief features of the ocean floor; vertical and horizontal distribution of salinity and temperature; tides and ocean currents; ocean deposits.
- Geography of Resources and its Utilization : Soil formation and soil types; types of forest and forest products; production and distribution of iron-ore, copper, coal, petroleum and hydropower; solar energy, water conservation and future prospects; distribution, density and growth of world population; concept of optimum, over and under population : population resource regions of the world; production and distribution of wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and tea; industries – iron and steel, cotton textile and sugar : distribution and characteristics of primary, secondary and tertiary activities.
- Evolution of Geographical Thought : Contribution of Strabo. Ptolemy, Al-biruni, Ibn- Khaldum, Humboldt, Ritter, Ratzel and Vidal-de-la-Blache; environmental determinism, possibilism and stop and go determinism; quantitative revolution, behavioral geography. Radical geography and welfare geography.
- Major World Environment : Physical and human environment in equatorial, monsoon, hot desert, tropical and temperate grasslands, Mediterranean, tundra and taiga regions; air, water and soil pollution.
- Geography of India : Structure and relief; evolution of extra peninsular drainage and its major river system; characteristics of peninsular drainage and its major river system; origin and development of monsoon and its mechanism; El-Nino and its effect on Indian weather’ identification of flood prone areas and draught prone areas; types of forest and its distribution, characteristics and economic importance; deforestation and its consequences; social forestry and its significance; distribution and characteristics of soils in India; soil erosion and conservation; distribution and growth of population’ agro-climate regions; the Green Revolution; distribution and production of rice, wheat, cotton and tea; production and distribution of coal, petroleum, hydro-electricity and nuclear energy; localization factors and spatial pattern of major industries – iron and steel industry and cotton textile industry.
- Practical Aspects in Geography : Nature and sources of geographic data; classification and significance of maps; definition, significance and types of scale; methods of showing relief : representation of population, agricultural and transport data by various Cartographic techniques including choropleth and isopleth; classification, identification, transformation and choice of map projections; measures of central tendency and dispersion – arithmetic mean, median, mode, standard deviation, co-efficient of variation; types and utility of aerial photographs, chief elements of aerial photo interpretation; application of remote sensing in geographical studies; remote sensing platform and sensors active, passive and micro-wave remote sensing.