This course has twofold aims of teaching and learning with a set of objectives related to the contemporary issues and grand challenges of nation. The primary aim of the course is to enable the student to recognize the grand challenges and contemporary issues of Indian society and to formulate various methods of resolving them through the knowledge gained through the study of literature in Marathi.
The aim of literary study is to enhance the language proficiency of students and to equip them in creative usage of language through analytical and critical study of literary works. It also aims to develop the ability of learners in classification and identification of various themes, forms, genres and narrative structures of literature in the process of creative reading, writing and interpretations which will strengthen the value and ethical commitments of learners. The creative and analytical skills of students in language and literature shall be correlated with the grand tasks of nation building and social construction.
The grand challenges which India facing today are identified as follows:
- Economic Development, Rural and Urban linkages
- Energy and water
- Urbanization, Infrastructure, Transport, Sanitation
- Environment and Public Health
- Food security and Agriculture
- Education, Literacy
- Ethics, Society and Justice.
Every semester, teaching will be spread over 16 weeks including two weeks for review.
Medium of Teaching and Examination: Marathi
Medium of teaching and writing of examination of this course is Marathi. (The students who studied Marathi as a language in school education up to VIII/X/XII std. are eligible to take this course.)
Objectives of the Course:
This course shall teach and train the students to:
- Use language in different situations and express their ideas on various themes and topics with precision. Respond to spoken language and other conversations with optimum listening skill.
- Express and speak confidently on a variety of topics and contents.
- Develop reading skills to read varied texts.
- Improve their writing skills in terms of expressing ideas/points of view and organizing thoughts with coherence and clarity.
- To appreciate different kinds of literary genres and expressions.
- Become creative in expression, thought and presentation.
- Write and present their project proposals and final reports.
Organization of Teaching
There are six units in the course speread over 14 weeks. There would be 56 teaching periods and 14 periods for students’ presentation in a semester and the total number of period will be 70 (56+14). The details of the Units / themes and their distribution of periods are given below. In addition two weeks for field work/ project work / trip – related activity as required by the course curriculum will be given.
Themes of Study:
This study includes the following themes related to the grand challenges of our contemporary Indian society:
Unit-1 Equality and Social Justice: (10 Periods)
Caste and Problem of untouchability
Unit-2: Environment and Public Health (10 Periods)
Ecological degradation: Land, water and air
Health problems and Environment
Unit-3: Urbanization and Migration (10 Periods)
Life-threatening problems in Villages
Migration and life in urban centers
Unit-4: Rural and Agrarian life (10 Periods)
Poverty in villages Child labour Female infanticide
Unit-5: National Integration (08 Periods)
Cultural diversity and integration
Unit -6: Education and Literacy (08 Periods)
Literacy for women
Education in rural India
The teaching and learning material includes the following texts and films related to the issues. The texts and films can be identified and added according to the need of the students along with the recommended reading materials. The teachers are free to select some other suitable texts related the contents.
Unit: 1 Equality and Social Justice:
1. ‘Jyoti’chya Prakashat, (Preface to ‘Prabodhanacha Poorvarang’), by L.R.Nasirabadkar
2. Vithabai Bhau Mang Narayangaokar, (poem), by Pradnya Daya Pawar
3. Vidroha, (short story), by Baburao Bagul
4. Maitra ,Short Story, by Asha Bage
Unit: 2 Environment and Public health:
1 Chimnya, Personal Essay by Rajan Gawas
2 Man Manache Ajar,Essay, by Narendra Dabholkar
Unit-3 Urbanization and Migration:
1. Samna (Film)
2. Chakra (Film)
Unit-4 Rural and Agrar ian Life:
1 Shapit (Film)
2 Mulanyacha Bakas ,short Story, by Vyankatesh Madgulkar
3.Sasarale nighatana, poem, by Santosh Padmakar Pawar
Unit-5: National Integration:
Yugayugache Sahapravasi, long poem, by Manamohan
Unit-6 Education and Literacy:
1. Shikshan (Chapter No.5 from Ramabai Madhavrao Ranade), Biography, by Vilas Khole)
2. Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil, biography, M.B.Katkar
- Printed material
- Audio Visual CD and DVDs
- Films and Documentaries
- Websites and digital archives
Teaching, learning and interactive study:
The class room activity is designed as a group discussion, dialogue, debate and consultancy on the related texts and film screenings.
This integrated teaching method can improve the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills of the students and strengthen the vocabulary and application of grammar. The combined teaching will enlighten the students in understanding and addressing the issues and challenges.
The assessment of the students’ performance will be through:
(i) Continuous evaluation of Project work (35 marks)
(ii) End Semester written examination (40 marks)
End-semester written examination:
- The examination will not be necessarily dependent on any prescribed text.
- Test items related to Themes of Study and language skill
- Test items on vocabulary expression, grammar and writing.
- The students will be assessed on their ability to express their ideas in an error-free language usage.
- Writing on larger issues.
- The project work is based on the skills of students in creative writing on a select theme. This can be extended to rewriting, adaptation, retelling and change of narrative format.
- A student can write a short story, one act play, conversation and dialogue, reportage and an essay on a theme by their choice.
- A student can prepare a paper of appreciation, evolution and analysis of a select literary work and film on social issues.
Topics of Project:
Topics for Project work shall be related to the ‘themes of study’ and other issues related to the contemporary society as identified in the course structure. The topics shall be suitable to facilitate the students to involve their language skills and creative spirit. The format of project work can follow any one of the genres learned in the course. The student shall be given a choice of selection of the Project in the beginning of semester.
Topics identified for Project work:
1. Development of Marathi language/script/literature.
2 Festivals of Maharastriyans.
3. Use of traditional medicines by the Marathi community
4. Attitude of Marathi speakers towards their language.
5. Mapping of Marathi culture (on a particular event from the culture)
6. Usage of Marathi language in media, films and cyber world.
7. The life and works of a creative writer in Marathi
8. Any performing tradition of Marath (dance, drama, music and traditional game)
9. Contemporary social issues/challenges.
10. Marathi language in the 21st century.
11. Retelling/rewriting of a narrative.
12. Critical evaluation of a literary text in Marathi.
14. Tourist places in Maharashrtra
1. Nasirabadkar, L.R.,1992, ‘Jyoti’chya Prakashat, (Preface to ‘Prabodhanacha Poorvarang’), Kolhapur: Hemant Prakashan.
2. Nishikant Mirajkar (Ed), 2006, Navya Wata Navi Walane, New Delhi: Penguin Books.
3. Bagul, 1963, Jevha Mi Jat Chorli Hoti, , Mumbai: Abhinav Prakashan.
4. Nishikant Mirajkar (Ed), 2005, Badalte Rang, New Delhi: Penguin Books.
5. Rajan Gawas, 2010, “Chimnya” Essay from Kaifiyat, Pune: Sadhana Prakashan.
6. Narendra Dabholkar, 2010, “Man Manache Ajar”, Essay from Timiratuni Tejakade, Pune: Rajahans Prakashan.
7.Vyankatesh Madgulkar, 1949, “Mulanyacha Bakas”, short Story from Manadeshi Manse, Pune: Continental Prakashan.
8.Vilas Khole Shikshan, 2012, Ramabai Madhavrao Ranade (Chapter No.5 only), Mumbai: Majestic Publishing House, 2012)
9. Katkar.M.B.,Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil, (biography), Marathi Bhashecha Adhishthan Abhyaskram, Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi,