Course outline

The Course aims to enhance the language proficiency of students at three levels; reading, understanding and writing in Sindhi. It also aims at enhancing their ability to analyze literary texts of known creative writers in the language and apply them in diverse. The course will have six units taking texts from different genres of literature. The course has special focus on contemporary issues, dealt by creative writers in different forms of literature, keeping in mind the grand challenges of the nation as identified below.

Grand challenges

The challenges of the nation in the present era:

  • Economic Development, Rural and Urban linkages
  • Energy and Water
  • Urbanization, Infrastructure, Transport, Sanitation
  • Environment & Public Health
  • Food security, Agriculture
  • Education, Literacy
  • Ethics, Society and Social Justice

Besides the above challenges, focus will be on the challenges to the survival of the regional languages, literature and the cultural diversity of India with reference to SINDHI.

Every semester, teaching will be spread over 16 weeks including two weeks for review.

Medium of teaching and examination : SINDHI/HINDI/ENGLISH


It is expected that after the completion of the course the students will be able to:

– Use their language in different situations and develop proficiency in reading and writing.
– Critically examine the issues highlighted in the texts and express their ideas and observations.
– Initiate discussions on the issues highlighted in the texts and similar social issues identified by them.
– Enhance their reading skills and the style of writing.
– Evaluate and appreciate unknown texts.
– Build their creative expression and presentation.
– Collect information on their language, literature and culture and present them before others.

Organization of Teaching

There are six units in the course speread over 14 weeks. There would be 56 teaching periods and 14 periods for students’ presentation in a semester and the total number of period will be 70 (56+14). The details of the Units / themes and their distribution of periods are given below. In addition two weeks for field work/ project work / trip – related activity as required by the course curriculum will be given.

Themes/sub themes of study
The course includes the following themes/subthemes:

Unit 1 : Introduction to Sindh and Sindhi (10 Periods)

Unit 2 : Impact of Partition and National Integration (10 Periods)

Unit 3 : Nature and Environment (10 Periods)

Unit 4 : Gender issues (10 Periods)

Unit 5 : Rural life and Urbanization (08 Periods)

Unit 6 : Ethics, Equality and Social Justice (08 Periods)

Reading List:


Lekhwani, Kanhaiyalal. (2011). Sindhi bolia ain adab ji tarikh, Mysore : Central Institute of Indian languages, pp. 1-29.


Motwani, Hari. (1990). Ajho, Mumbai: Koonj Publication.


Balwani, Hundraj. (1994). “Mahaul ain Galizai” kudrat je god me, Ahmadabad, Balwani Publication. Pp. 5-9.


Rahi, Dholan. (2007). Istri tuhinja roop anek, Chennai: Mayamoon Publication.


Bharti, Goverdhan. (2011). Sheeshe ja ghar, Lucknow: Uttar Pradesh Sindhi Academy, pp. 17, 26, 28.

Mutwa, Kaladhar. (2012). Thigaru, Bhuj: Mutwa publication.pp. 28-33, 92-97.


Sharma, Devdutta, Kundaram. (Tr.) (1963). Gandhi ja jiwan prasang, Mumbai: Lok Sewa Mandal.

These texts and other reading materials will be compiled and made available to the students

Supplementary material

Monographs of important authors in Sindhi.

Documentary films on important authors and places of importance in Sindh.

Web materials; Sindhi news papers, magazines and blogs


The assessment of the students’ performance will be through:
(i) Continuous evaluation of Project work (35 marks) (ii) End Semester written examination (40 marks)

Project Work:

The students are expected to submit one project assignment, which will provide scope to the students to express their appreciation of their language, literature and culture. A list of topics will be made available to them in the beginning of the course, which may be extended to rewriting, adaptation, retelling and change of narrative format. Evaluation of their performance in project work will be based on their knowledge of the language, collection of the information, presentation and style of narration.

Topics identified for Project work:

1. Development of Sindhi language/script/literature.
2. Practical use of Sindhi language; day to day conversation, in the office, public speech etc.
3. Borrowings between Sindhi and local languages of India.
4. Attitude of Sindhi Speakers towards their language.
5. Sindhi: A landless community in India.
6. Sindhi: A crisis of identity.
7. Sindhi language and the constitution of India.
8. Opportunities through Sindhi language and literature.
9. Future of Sindhi language in India.
10. Partition and its impact on Sindhi Community
11. Migration and Resettlement of Sindhi Community
12. Sindhi language in Delhi University : A Study
13. Research about Sindhi speaking villages in India.
14. Contribution of Sindhi community in the national freedom struggle.
15. Compilation of proscribed Sindhi literature.
16. Sindhi community in the field of Trade and Commerce.
17. Festivals of Sindhi speakers living in various parts of India.
18. Use of traditional medicines/food items/dresses/ by the Sindhi community
19. Sindhi Folk Culture and Folk Literature in India: A Study.
20. Sindhi language in media, films and cyber world.
21. The life and works of creative writers/educationists/social reformers in Sindhi.
22. Any performing tradition of Sindh (dance, drama, music, traditional game etc.).
23. Contemporary social issues/challenges.
24. Role of Sindhi newspapers in the development of Sindhi language .
25. Retelling/rewriting of a narrative.
26. Critical evaluation of a text, in any form, of Sindhi literature.
27. Translation and interpretation.
28. Women’s literature in Sindhi language.
29. Role of Sindhi Panchayats/Academies/ NCPSL/NGO in the development of Sindhi Language Literature and Culture.
30. Other projects in accordance with theme and content.

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