Syllabus for Entrance Test to M.A. Philosophy
- Western Philosophy : Nature, Branches and relation to Philosophy to Science and Religion, Thales, Pythagoras, Democritus, Socrates, Plato : Theory of Ideas, Ideal State. Aristotle : Causality, Descrates : Method of Doubt. Spinoza : Substance, Attributes, Locke : Quantities, Innate ideas, Primary and Secondary qualities. Berkeley : Esse – estpercipe, Hume : Causality, Kant : Phenomenon and Neumanon. Hegel : Dialectical Method. Freedom and Determinism. Proofs for the Existance of God. Theory of Truth.
- Muslim Philosophy : Origin and deployment of Muslim Philosophy. Mu’tazilites and Ash’arites – Main Doctrines. Sufism – origin and Influences. Ibn-i-Sina : Ligic, Theory of Emanation, Al-Ghazali : Method, Ethics.
- Indian Philosophy : Vedic Philosophy, Upanisadic Concept of Philosophy, Ultimate Reality, Ethics of Gita. Charvaka : Theory of Knowledge and Ethics, Jainism : Syadvada and Anekantavada. Buddhism : Four Noble Truths and Causation. Sankhya : Satkakriyavada Prakarti and Purusa. Patanjali : Eight fold path of Yoga. Shankara, Ramanuja : Main differences. Karma and Rebirth, Purushartha Varanashram Dhama, Gandhian Ethics. Humanism of Radhakrishnan.
- Ethical Philosophy : Definition and Nature of Ethics, Free will and Responsibility. Moral and Non-moral Values. Ethical Relativism. Bentham and Mill on Utilitarianism. Kant : Good will, Categorical. Imperative, Postulates of Morality. Notion of Justice. Theories of Punishment, Rights and Duties.
- Social and Political Philosophy : Nature and Scope of Social Philosophy, Methodology of Social Sciences. Family Marriage Property, State and Government. Social Causation : Technology, Religion, Economic, Education, Politics, Factors to Change Society, Ecology, Divine Theory, Social Contact Theory of the origin of State. Marxist Social Determinism. Justice, Equality, Liberty, Secularism, Democracy, Islamic State, Capitalism, Socialism and Islamic Economy.
- Contemporary Western Philosophy : Existentialism – Main Feature, Analytical Philosophy – Emphasis on Language. Kierkegaard : Subjectivity, Stages of Life. Husserl : Phenomenology. Yaspers : Existenz. Marcel : Mystery. Heidegger : Problem of Being. Sartre – Freedom, Creativity and Nothingness. Russell : Theory of Description. Moore – Common Sense. Wittgenstein – Picture Theory, Logical Positivism. Ryle – Category Mistake. Austin : Speech – Act Theory.
- Logic and Scientific Method : Definition of Logic. Deduction, Induction and nature of Definition. Categorical Propositions. Formal Nature of Syllogism. Symbolic Logic. Special Symbols, Analogy. Mill’s Methods. Hypothesis. Scientific Method and Unscientific Explanation. Fallacies – Relevance and Ambiguity.