The Discipline Course-II is inter-disciplinary in nature and is available as a wide list of options from various departments for all UG students to grant them, as per their choice, wide exposure to other subjects outside their major (Honours Course) discipline.

The Department of African Studies offers African Studies program (ASP) under DC-II to UG students. The primary objective of the DC-II is to introduce Africa to the under graduate students of the University. While formulating the course content best effort has been put to make it simple, factual and interesting. Imparting this knowledge to the students would enhance their understanding of the subject, humanities.

Availability of Resource Persons

The Department has produced 372 M.Phil. Scholars and 90 Ph.D. scholars in the Social Science subjects such as History, Political Science, Economics, Sociology, Commerce and Geography so far and most of them are teaching in various colleges of Delhi University and will be able to teach the DC-II papers.

Contact Hours

For all the papers for DC-II, 5 periods per week (4 Lectures + 1 Student Presentation).

Mode of Evaluation

Evaluation will be based on written examination of 75 marks and internal assessment of 25 marks, which will include project work.


Discovering Africa: History and Civilization

Course Objectives: The course highlights a broad view of African history and introduces the students to the evolution of human history.

Course Outline:

1. Debates on Human Evolution

  •  Martin Meredith, 2011. Born in Africa: The Quest for the Origins of Human Life. Public Affairs, New York.

2. African Kingdoms: Aksum Empire, Ancient Ghana Kingdom and Mali Empire

  •  Chapter-5, 6, 7 & 11 in Kevin Shillington, 2012. History of Africa. Palgrave Macmillan. NY.

3. Christianity and Islam in Africa

  •  Chapter-5, 7 & 8 in Kevin Shillington, 2012. History of Africa. Palgrave Macmillan. NY
  • Robert J. Houle, 2011. Making African Christianity, Lehigh University Press. UK. • Nehemia Levtzion & Randall L Pouwels, ed, 2000.The History of Islam in Africa. Ohio University Press.

4. Slave trade in Africa: Trans-Saharan, Atlantic and Indian Ocean Trade

  •   Chapter-12 in Kevin Shillington, 2012. History of Africa. Palgrave Macmillan.NY.
  • Hamilton, Keith and Salmon, Patrick. 2009. Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire. USA: Sussex Academic Press.
  • Chapter-6 in Mohammed Bashir Salau, 2011. The West African SlavePlantation. Palgrave Macmillan. NY.
  • Chapter-1 in Michael Onyebuchi Eze, 2010. The Politics of History inContemporary Africa. Palgrave Macmillan. NY.

5. Scramble, Colonial Conquest and African Resistance and Role of Gandhi

  •   Chapter-21 and 29, in Kevin Shillington, 2012. History of Africa. PalgraveMacmillan. NY.
  • Michael Onyebuchi Eze, 2010. The Politics of History in ContemporaryAfrica. Palgrave Macmillan. NY.
  • ES Reddy and Gopalkrishna Gandhi, ed. 1993. Gandhi and South Africa,1914-1948. Navajivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad.

6. Post-Colonial Displacements

  •   Chapter-3 in Michael Onyebuchi Eze, 2010. The Politics of History inContemporary Africa. Palgrave Macmillan. NY.
  • Chapter-5 in Mahmood Mamdani, 2009. Saviors and Survivors. Verso. NY.


Understanding African Polity

Course Objective: This course will introduce the process of political development in Africa since colonial period. The various phases of political development such as the colonial rule, military and single party rule and the emergence of multiparty democracy will be discussed.

Course Outline:

1. Pan-Africanism and its Resurgence

  •   Chapter-9 in Abegunrin, Olayiwola. 2009. Africa in Global Politics in theTwenty-First Century. Palgrave Macmillan.NY.
  • Chapter-4 and 6 in Mojubaolu O Okome and Olufemi Vaughan.ed,2011.Transnational Africa and Globalization. Palgrave Macmillan.NY.
  • Nkrumah Kwame, 1963. Africa Must Unite. Panaf Books. London.
  • Birmingham David, 1998. Kwame Nkrumah: The Father of African Nationalism. University Press. Ohio.

2. Nature of State in Africa 1950-1990

  •   Chapter-1 in Laerence O C Agubuza & others, 2004. African Development and Governance Strategies in the 21st Century, Looking Back to Move Forward. Zed Books.NY.
  • Carter Gwendolen M and O Meara Patric, 1985. African Independence: TheFirst Twenty Five Years. Indiana University Press.
  • Chapter-3 & 4 in Heather Deegan, 2009. Africa Today. Routledge. NY.

3. Emergence of Multi-Party System and Decentralization

  •   Kay Lawson, General Editor, 2010. Political parties and Democracy.Volume IV. Africa and Oceania. Praeger. USA.
  • Laerence O C Agubuza & others, 2004. African Development and Governance Strategies in the 21st Century, Looking Back to Move Forward. Zed Books.NY. Bakut tswah Bakut and Sagarika Dutt,ed, 2000. Africa at the Millennium.Palgrave.NY.

4. Designing Democracy and Good Governance

  •   Laerence O C Agubuza & others, 2004. African Development and Governance Strategies in the 21st Century, Looking Back to Move Forward. Zed Books.NY.
  • John Hatchard & others, 2004. Comparative Constitutionalism and Good Governance in the Commonwealth. An Eastern and Southern African Perspective. Cambridge University Press. UK.

5. Africa towards Multi Ethnic State

  •   David Bigman, 2011. Poverty, Hunger and Democracy in Africa. Potential and Limitations of Democracy in Cementing Multiethnic Societies. Plagrave.UK.
  • Chapter 6, Brian Shoup, 2008. Conflict and Cooperation in Multi-EthnicStates, Routledge. NY.

6. The African Union: Issues and Challenges

  •   J Andrew Grant and Fredrik Soderbaum, 2003. The New Regionalism inAfrica. Ashgate.UK.
  • Fredrik Soderbaum and Rodrigo Tavares, ed, 2011. Regional Organizations in African Security. Routeledge. NY.
  • Samuel M. Makinda and F. Wafula Okumu, 2008. The Africa Union: Challenges of Globalization, Security and Governance. Routledge, NY.


Introducing African Societies and Culture

This course is an introduction to the basic elements of African societies. It provides students with an interdisciplinary understanding of African people, their civilizations, and diverse cultures from the earliest time to the present. The course also deals with socio-political organizations of African societies, their kinship system, rites of passage, gender relations, emerging social cultural identities and inequalities. The course will be discussed under the following sub topics:

Course Outline:

1. Changing Trends of Marriage, Family and Kinship

  •   Radcliffe-Brown A.R, 1950, African System of Kinship and Marriage, Oxford University Press, London.
  • Osei –Mensah Aborampah and Niara Sudarkasa, Ed. 2011, ExtendedFamilies in Africa and the African Diaspora. Africa World Press.
  • Thomas S. Weisner, Cardice Bradley, Philip Leroy Kilbride, 1997, African families and the Crisis of Social Change, Green Wood Publishing Group,
  • Yaw Oheneba-Sakyi and Baffour K. Takyi, 2010, African Families at theturn of the twenty first century’. Green wood publishing group.

2. Tribe, Ethnicity, Class and Social Conflict.

  •   Shoremi, M.O.2002, The Social Structure of Contemporary AfricanSocieties.
  • Richard W. Hull, 1980, Modern Africa: Change and Continuity. PrenticeHall INC, New York.
  • Susan Beckerleg, 2010, Ethnic Identity and Development, Social Change in Africa, Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • Benjamin Talton, 2010, Politics of Social Change in Ghana, TheKonkomba Struggle for political Equality, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

3. Gender and Social Inequalities.

  •   Elinami Varaeli Swai, 2011. Beyond Women’s Empowerment in Sierra Leone, Exploring Dislocation and Agency, Palgrave Macmillan, London.
  • Andrea Cornwall,ed, 2005. Readings in Gender in Africa, Indiana UniversityPress.
  • Egodi Uchandu, d. 2008. Masculinities in Contemporary Africa, CODESRIA.

4. Race, Culture, Economy and Land Issues

  •  Chris Alden, Ward Anseeuw, 2009. Land, Liberation and Compromise inSouth Africa, Palgrave Mcmillan.
  • Catherine Bcke, 2001, African in Tears: The Zimbabwe land Invasion,Covos.
  • Ward Anseeuuw, 2010. Struggle over land in Africa: conflict, Politics andChange, Human Science Research Council.
  • Mahmood Mamdani, 1997. Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism, Princeton University Press.
  • Lungisile Ntsebeza,2007. The Land Question in South Africa, HumanScience Research Centre.

5. Religion and Society: Traditional African Religion, Christianity and Islam.

  •   Mbitit, S. John. 1990 African Religion and Philosophy, African series, Heinemann.
  • Mbitit, S. John, 1991. Introduction to African Religion, African series, Heinemann.
  • J. Robert, 2011, Making African Christianity: Africans Reimagining TheirFaith in Colonial South Africa, Lehigh University Press, Maryland.
  • Robinson David, 2006, Muslim Societies in African history: NewApproach to African history, Michigan State University, Cambridge Press.
  • Sachiko Murata and William, Vision of Islam: Vision in Reality I.B. Tauris, London.

6. Intellectual Tradition and African Literature.

  •   Chinua Achebe, 2010, Things Fall Apart, Shmoop University, Inc.
  • Abebe Zegeye and Maurice Vambe, 2011, Close to the Sources: Essays on Contemporary African Culture, Politics and Academy, UNISA Press, University of South Africa.
  • Abdul Samed Bemath, 2005. The Mazruiana Collection Revisited: Ali A Mazrui debating the African condition, New Dawn Press. UK.
  • Wole Soyinka, 2000, Myth, Literature and African World, CambridgeUniversity Press.


African Economy: Past and Present Concerns

Course Objective: The course introduces African economy to the students from historical perspective with special focus on colonial and post-colonial challenges. The emergence of different economic sectors such as agriculture, industrialization, financial system, trade and commerce and the role of international monetary institutions that play major role in the African economy are a part of the course content. This course will provide to the students basic understanding on the nature of under-developed society’s economy, especially Africa.

Course Outline:

1. Economic Impact of the Colonial Rule

  •   Chapter-23, & 24 in Kevin Shillington, 2012. History of Africa. PlagraveMacmillan. NY.
  • Chapter-1 & 2 in Mfuniselwa J Bhengu, 2011. African Economic Humanism.
  • The Rise of an African Economic Philosophy. Gower PublishingLimited.UK.

2. Post-Independence Overview of African Development

  •   Chapter-2 in Emmanuel Nnadozie,ed, 2003. African EconomicDevelopment. Academic Press. USA.
  • Chapter-1 in Laerence O C Agubuza & others, 2004. African Development and Governance Strategies in the 21st Century, Looking Back to Move Forward. Zed Books. NY.

3. Agriculture and Development

  •   Chapter-15 in Emmanuel Nnadozie,ed, 2003. African EconomicDevelopment. Academic Press. USA.
  • Part-I in Kurt Larsen, Ronald Kim & Florian Theus,ed. 2009. Agribusiness and Innovation Systems in Africa. The World Bank. USA.
  • John McPeak, Peter D Little & Cheryl R Doss, ed, 2012. Risk and SocialChange in an African Rural Economy.Routeledge. NY.
  • Prosper B Matondi, Kjell Havnevik and Atakilte Beyene,ed. 2011. Biofuels,Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa. Palgrave.NY.

4. Industry and Development

  •   Hossein Jalilian, Michael Tribe and John Weiss, 2000. IndustrialDevelopment and Policy in Africa.
  • Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. UK.   Sanjaya Lall and Erika Kraemer-Mbula, 2005. Industrial Competitiveness inAfrica. Lessons from East Asia. ITDG Publishing.UK.

5. Mining and Development

  •   Bonnie Campbell, 2009. Mining in Africa. Regulation and Development.Pluto Press.UK.
  • Rosemary Thorp and Others, ed. 2012. The Developmental Challenges ofMining and Oil. Lessons from Africa and Latin America. Palgrave. NY.

6. Financial System in Africa

  •   Chapter-16 in Emmanuel Nnadozie,ed, 2003. African EconomicDevelopment. Academic Press. USA.
  • Chapter-2 in Nicolas Van De Walle, Nicole Ball and Vijaya Ramachandran,2003. Beyond Structural Adjustment. The Institutional Context of African Development.Palgrave. NY.


Geography of Africa

Course Objective: This course introduces the basic elements of geography and environment. It provides scholars information of natural resources of Africa and also about agriculture systems, industry and other economic activities. It also deals with demographic patterns and features of urbanization in Africa. The course will be discussed under the following sub-heads.

Course Outline:

1. Physical Aspects of Africa

  •  R. B. Bunnett. 1984. Physical Geography in Diagrams for Africa.
  • Longman.William M. Adams, Goudie, Anthony R. Orme.1999. The PhysicalGeography of Africa. Oxford University Press.
  • Buckle, Collen. 1978. Landforms in Africa: An Introduction toGeomorphology. Longman.

2. Economic Geography, Natural Resources and Sustainable Development

  •   Hance A. William.1967. The Geography of Modern Africa. ColumbiaUniversity Press. New York. USA.
  • E.A.Boateng. 1980. A Political Geography of Africa. Cambridge UniversityPress.
  • Ikeji, Chibueze C. 2011. The Resource Control Debate: Enthroning Parasitism or Instituting Self-Determination? African Research Review: An International Multidisciplinary Journal. Vol. 5 (5), Serial No. 22, pp.25-35.
  • Ochola, W.O., Sangings, P.& Bekalo, I. 2011. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book. University of Nairobi. German, L, Mowo, J., Amede, T. & Masuki, K. (eds.). 2012. Integrated Natural Resource Management in the Highlands of Eastern Africa: From Concept to Practice. IDRC.

3. Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

  •   Ariel Dinar, James Benhin, Rashid Hassan, Robert Mendelsohn. 2012.Climate Change and Agriculture in Africa: Impact Assessment andAdaptation. Routledge.
  • C B Barrett, F Place and A A Aboud, 2002. Natural Resources Management in African Agriculture. CABI Publishing.NY.

4. Demography, Migration and Urbanization in Africa

  •  James D. Traver. 1996. The Demography of Africa. Greenwood PublishingGroup.
  • Toyin Falola and Steven J Salm, 2004. Globalization and Urbanization inAfrica. Africa World Press. Asmara, Eritrea.

5. Climate Change and Environmental Challenges

  •   Pak Sum Low, ed, 2005. Climate Change and Africa. Cambridge UniversityPress.
  • Camilla Toumi, 2009. Climate Change in Africa. Zed Books.
  • Charles J R Williams, Dominic R Kniveton,ed, 2011. African Climate andClimate Change. Springer. UK.

6. Geographical Account of African Regions.

  •   Africa South of Sahara. 2011. 40th Edition. Routledge. London.
  • Gregory Maddox. 2006. Sub-Saharan Africa: An Environmental History.



Africa and the World

Course Objective: Today the world has changed its perception on Africa and considers 21st century as belonging to Africa. The course on Africa and the World will introduce to students on dynamics of Africa’s relationship with different countries and regional blocks in the world.

Course Outline:

1. United Nations and Africa

  •   Chapter-11 in Bakut tswah Bakut and Sagarika Dutt,ed, 2000. Africa at theMillennium. Palgrave.NY.
  • Frederick S Arkhurst, 2006. African Diplomacy: The UN Experience. AuthorHouse. UK.

2. European Union and Africa

  •   Daniela Sicurelli, 2010. The European Union’s Africa Policies. Ashgate.NY.
  • Chapter-8 in Ian Taylor and Paul Williams, ed, 2004. Africa in InternationalPolitics. Routeledge. NY.

3. China-Africa Relations

  •   Dominik Kopinski, Andrzej Polus and Ian Taylor,ed, 2012. China’s Rise inAfrica. Routeledge.NY.
  • Ian Taylor, 2009. China’s New Role in Africa. Lynne Rienner Publishers.UK.

4. USA-Africa Relations

  •   Chapter-2 in Ian Taylor and Paul Williams, ed, 2004. Africa in InternationalPolitics. Routeledge. NY.
  • David J.Francis,ed, 2010. US Strategy in Africa. Africom, Terrorism andSecurity Challenges. Routeledge.NY.

5. India-Africa Relations

  •   John C. Hawley, 2008. India in Africa, Africa in India: Indian Ocean.Indiana University Press. Bloomington.
  • Emma Mawdsley and Gerard McCann, 2011. India in Africa. PambazukaPress. Cape Town.

6. Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa (BRICS) and Africa

  •   Carmodi, 2013. Rise of BRICS in Africa. Zed Books.
  • Yuegin, Lin Yuegin, 2013. Annual Report on BRICS Social-EconomicDevelopment 2011. Emarald Group Publishing Ltd.

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